# Revision history [back]

### newbie question about symbolic integration in sage

Hi,

I am new to sage and my question can be naive, I apologize in advance. I would like to use sage for some symbolic integration operations to avoid human mistake. Here is my first test (which is going to important for my application).

Integration of Normal distribution from -infinity to +infinity. Obviously the result should be one and I am wondering why I don't get it:

--

x, sigma, mu = var('x','sigma','mu')

q = 1/((2pi)^(1/2)sigma)exp(-(x - mu)^2/(2sigma^2))

show(q)

import sympy

show((sympy.integrate(q, (x,-sympy.oo, sympy.oo))).simplify())

--

## Integral(2(1/2)exp(-mu2/(2sigma2))exp(-x2/(2sigma2))exp(mux/sigma2)/(2pi(1/2)sigma),(x,-oo,oo))

I am wondering why I don't get 1? Am I missing anything?

Thanks

 2 No.2 Revision kcrisman 12242 ●41 ●135 ●255

### newbie question about symbolic integration in sage

Hi,

I am new to sage and my question can be naive, I apologize in advance. I would like to use sage for some symbolic integration operations to avoid human mistake. Here is my first test (which is going to important for my application).

Integration of Normal distribution from -infinity to +infinity. Obviously the result should be one and I am wondering why I don't get it:

--

x, sigma, mu = var('x','sigma','mu')var('x','sigma','mu')
q = 1/((2pi)^(1/2)sigma)exp(-(x 1/((2*pi)^(1/2)*sigma)*exp(-(x - mu)^2/(2sigma^2))mu)^2/(2*sigma^2))
show(q)
show(q)import sympy
import sympy show((sympy.integrate(q, (x,-sympy.oo, sympy.oo))).simplify())sympy.oo))).simplify())


--

## Integral(2(1/2)exp(-mu2/(2sigma2))exp(-x2/(2sigma2))exp(mux/sigma2)/(2pi(1/2)sigma),(x,-oo,oo))

Integral(2**(1/2)*exp(-mu**2/(2*sigma**2))*exp(-x**2/(2*sigma**2))*exp(mu*x/sigma**2)/(2*pi**(1/2)*sigma),(x,-oo,oo))


--

I am wondering why I don't get 1? Am I missing anything?

Thanks