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### tree of vectors

This is a more complicated version of apply functions iteratively

I have a starting "seed" vector, say e1 = matrix(4,1,(1,0,0,0)) Next, I have a collection of 4x4 matrices

thin_group = [T1,T2,T3,T4,T5]

where

$T1 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 2 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 4 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 4 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right), T2 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 1 & 2 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & -1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 4 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 4 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right), T3 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 1 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & -1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right), T4 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 1 & 6 & 0 & 6 \\ 0 & 3 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 4 & 1 & 4 \\ 0 & -4 & 0 & -3 \end{array}\right), T5 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 3 & 0 & 0 & 2 \\ 6 & 1 & 0 & 6 \\ 4 & 0 & 1 & 4 \\ -4 & 0 & 0 & -3 \end{array}\right)$

These matrices either fix e1 or send to a different vector. I have a "height" function, which just measures how large the vector entries are getting.

def h(X): return max(abs(X[0,0],abs(X[1,0]), abs(X[2,0]),abs(X[3,0]))

I want to develop the following procedure:

hmax = 50 Begin applying T1,...,T5 to e1. As soon as I get a different vector (T1*e1 = (-1,2,4,4)), measure the height of that vector. If the height is below hmax (h(-1,2,4,4) = 4 < hmax = 50), store that vector somewhere. Now apply another matrix from thin_group to (-1,2,4,4), (but not T1 again). If the new vector has a height below hmax, store it, and apply another matrix from thin_group, just not the previous one. Continue this process until we reach a vector with a height larger than hmax. Once this happens, go back to the previous vector and apply a different matrix from thin_group i.e. go up a different branch of the tree. Go up this branch until hmax is exceeded, then go up a different branch, etc.. Eventually, this process will generate all thin_group images of e1 with hmax < 50.

This procedure should "remember" the vectors that were counted/stored, so I'm thinking that I may be able to index each vector in the tree with a sequence (a1,a2,a3,...,an) where aj=1,2,3,4,5 to denote which matrix T1,...,T5 we applied previously.

Any/all ideas or partial solutions greatly appreciated. Thanks!

### tree of vectors

This is a more complicated version of apply functions iteratively

I have a starting "seed" vector, say e1 = matrix(4,1,(1,0,0,0)) Next, I have a collection of 4x4 matrices

thin_group = [T1,T2,T3,T4,T5]

where

$T1 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 2 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 4 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 4 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right), T2 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 1 & 2 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & -1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 4 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 4 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right), T3 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 1 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & -1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right), T4 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 1 & 6 & 0 & 6 \\ 0 & 3 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 4 & 1 & 4 \\ 0 & -4 & 0 & -3 \end{array}\right), T5 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 3 & 0 & 0 & 2 \\ 6 & 1 & 0 & 6 \\ 4 & 0 & 1 & 4 \\ -4 & 0 & 0 & -3 \end{array}\right)$

These matrices either fix e1 or send to a different vector. I have a "height" function, which just measures how large the vector entries are getting.

def h(X): return max(abs(X[0,0],abs(X[1,0]), abs(X[2,0]),abs(X[3,0]))

I want to develop the following procedure:

hmax = 50 Begin applying T1,...,T5 to e1. As soon as I get a different vector (T1*e1 = (-1,2,4,4)), measure the height of that vector. If the height is below hmax (h(-1,2,4,4) = 4 < hmax = 50), store that vector somewhere. Now apply another matrix from thin_group to (-1,2,4,4), (but not T1 again). If the new vector has a height below hmax, store it, and apply another matrix from thin_group, just not the previous one. Continue this process until we reach a vector with a height larger than hmax. Once this happens, go back to the previous vector and apply a different matrix from thin_group i.e. go up a different branch of the tree. Go up this branch until hmax is exceeded, then go up a different branch, etc.. Eventually, this process will generate all thin_group images of e1 with hmax < 50. (this is probably about 50,000 vectors)

This procedure should "remember" the vectors that were counted/stored, so I'm thinking that I may be able to index each vector in the tree with a sequence (a1,a2,a3,...,an) where aj=1,2,3,4,5 to denote which matrix T1,...,T5 we applied previously.

Any/all ideas or partial solutions greatly appreciated. Thanks! Thanks!

 3 retagged FrédéricC 5127 ●3 ●42 ●111

### tree of vectors

This is a more complicated version of apply functions iteratively

I have a starting "seed" vector, say e1 = matrix(4,1,(1,0,0,0)) Next, I have a collection of 4x4 matrices

thin_group = [T1,T2,T3,T4,T5]

where

$T1 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} -1 & 0 & 0 & 0 \\ 2 & 1 & 0 & 0 \\ 4 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 4 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right), T2 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 1 & 2 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & -1 & 0 & 0 \\ 0 & 4 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 4 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right), T3 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 1 & 0 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 1 & 1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & -1 & 0 \\ 0 & 0 & 0 & 1 \end{array}\right), T4 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 1 & 6 & 0 & 6 \\ 0 & 3 & 0 & 2 \\ 0 & 4 & 1 & 4 \\ 0 & -4 & 0 & -3 \end{array}\right), T5 = \left(\begin{array}{rrrr} 3 & 0 & 0 & 2 \\ 6 & 1 & 0 & 6 \\ 4 & 0 & 1 & 4 \\ -4 & 0 & 0 & -3 \end{array}\right)$

These matrices either fix e1 or send to a different vector. I have a "height" function, which just measures how large the vector entries are getting.

def h(X): return max(abs(X[0,0],abs(X[1,0]), abs(X[2,0]),abs(X[3,0]))

I want to develop the following procedure:

hmax = 50 Begin applying T1,...,T5 to e1. As soon as I get a different vector (T1*e1 = (-1,2,4,4)), measure the height of that vector. If the height is below hmax (h(-1,2,4,4) = 4 < hmax = 50), store that vector somewhere. Now apply another matrix from thin_group to (-1,2,4,4), (but not T1 again). If the new vector has a height below hmax, store it, and apply another matrix from thin_group, just not the previous one. Continue this process until we reach a vector with a height larger than hmax. Once this happens, go back to the previous vector and apply a different matrix from thin_group i.e. go up a different branch of the tree. Go up this branch until hmax is exceeded, then go up a different branch, etc.. Eventually, this process will generate all thin_group images of e1 with hmax < 50. (this is probably about 50,000 vectors)

This procedure should "remember" the vectors that were counted/stored, so I'm thinking that I may be able to index each vector in the tree with a sequence (a1,a2,a3,...,an) where aj=1,2,3,4,5 to denote which matrix T1,...,T5 we applied previously.

Any/all ideas or partial solutions greatly appreciated. Thanks!