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how to define a constant in sage?

asked 2012-03-19 17:51:49 +0200

anonymous user


Hello, I just started using sage. I am having some difficulties in declaring constants. I am trying to calculate derivatives of functions but I don't want to put values for the constant but rather define constants in the function. Somehow I am not able to find any literature on that.

I would be really grateful if someone can help me with this issue.



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answered 2012-03-19 21:35:55 +0200

The code

sage: var('x y z')
(x, y, z)
sage: f = 3*x*y + 2*z + 12
sage: f.diff(x)
sage: g(x,y,z) = 3*x*y + 2*z + 12
sage: g.diff(x)
(x, y, z) |--> 3*y

provides two slightly different ways of defining a function involving x, y, and z, then differentiating with respect to x, thus treating y and z as constants. Is this what you want?

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To follow up, I think that John means just doing `var('a')` will make `a` a "symbolic constant" in the sense you desire.

kcrisman gravatar imagekcrisman ( 2012-03-19 23:27:41 +0200 )edit

answered 2021-08-31 16:41:17 +0200

ny2292000 gravatar image

This is a follow up. This is my code:

var("theta ee")

this is the output:

-sin(theta) + 1

I don't understand what is going on. Nowhere was ee equated to theta.

What is happening here?

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You should really ask a separate question rather than posting a follow-up to a 9-year old question. If you evaluate u(theta), you will see that it is substituting theta in for ee: u is an expression involving two variables, and it substitutes the first one for ee, the second for theta. So u(1, 2) will give cos(2) + 1). Anyway, u(theta) evaluates to cos(theta) + theta, and then you're differentiating that.

John Palmieri gravatar imageJohn Palmieri ( 2021-08-31 19:36:29 +0200 )edit

With my version of Sage, u(theta) also produces a warning about variable substitution. If you instead do u(theta=theta), you will get what you expect, and the derivative will be what you expect.

John Palmieri gravatar imageJohn Palmieri ( 2021-08-31 19:37:28 +0200 )edit

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Asked: 2012-03-19 17:51:49 +0200

Seen: 7,735 times

Last updated: Mar 19 '12