# Plot the level sets of a function

I'm trying to draw level set of a function f:R^2->R, that is the set of solutions of f(x,y)=h for a given h.

For that purpose I wrote the following

#! /usr/bin/sage -python
# -*- coding: utf8 -*-

from sage.all import *

def level_curve(f,h):
solutions_list = solve(f==h,y)
return [sol.rhs() for sol in solutions_list]

var('x,y')
f=x+y+2
for g in level_curve(f,3):
print g

print "-----"

f=x**2+y**2
for g in level_curve(f,3):
print g


This works, but I'm not satisfied principally because I got the level sets under the form of a list of functions. Moreover it will not work if the level set is vertical.

Thus I would prefer to get the solution under the form of a parametric curve.

Does Sage provides something for that ?

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I'm not quite sure what you're looking for. If you want to plot the level sets, you have several options,which I've blatantly stolen from the level set examples worksheet by evanmb:

import matplotlib

var("x, y")
f = x+y+2

# manually using implicit plot for particular h values:
p = Graphics()
for h in [-5..5]:
p += implicit_plot(f==h,(x,-4,4),(y,-4,4))

p.show()

# using a full contour plot
contour_plot(f,(x,-4,4),(y,-4,4), fill=false, labels=true, contours=10, colorbar=true,cmap=matplotlib.cm.gist_rainbow).show(aspect_ratio=1)

# maybe filled
contour_plot(f,(x,-4,4),(y,-4,4), fill=True, labels=true, contours=10, label_colors='black',colorbar=true,cmap=matplotlib.cm.gist_rainbow).show(aspect_ratio=1)

# or 3d
plot3d(f,(x,-4,4),(y,-4,4))


Or is there something more analytic that you're trying to do first? Depending on how complicated your real functions will be, finding a parametric solution might be a challenge.

more

The aim being to show graphics to my students, a graphical solution is sufficient.

Obviously the advantage of an analytic solution is that it can be passed to pstricks and then be included in LaTeX figures in a smoother way than \includegraphics{blabla.png}.

BTW I found \psplotImp

more

You might look at SageTex for a very easy way to include plots and other Sage output in TeX. Basically, you can simply do something like \sageplot{contour_plot(f,(x,-4,4),(y,-4,4)} inside your tex document and the plot shows up in the pdf.

( 2011-02-09 01:20:18 +0200 )edit