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Error in the sage online cell related to GAP

asked 2022-04-18 21:35:06 +0200

klaaa gravatar image

updated 2022-04-18 21:35:44 +0200

Typing this into the online sage cell ( gives an error (using the GAP language):


But this error doesnt occur when opening GAP in a terminal and entering the code. So my question is whether there is a problem in the sage online cell related to GAP or how I can fix this.

(Is there by the way another site offering to use GAP online?)

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answered 2022-04-25 13:17:39 +0200

nothing to do with sagecell, it can be reproduced in Sage:


(enter the above as one line). So that's a bug in Sage's GAP pexpect interface. More specifically, it's in a feature that switches to using temp files for interaction as soon as lines are "too long"

sage: gap._eval_using_file_cutoff
sage: gap._eval_using_file_cutoff=2000
sage: gap._eval_using_file_cutoff
sage: gap.eval('LoadPackage("qpa");;Q:=Quiver(3,[[1,2,"a"], 
 '<GF(3)[<quiver with 3 vertices and 2 arrows>]/\n<two-sided ideal in <GF(3)[<quiver with 3 vertices and 2 arrows>]>, \n  (1 generators)>>'


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answered 2022-04-18 23:00:57 +0200

Emmanuel Charpentier gravatar image

updated 2022-04-25 17:41:35 +0200

Sage's gap_console() running ina terminal (in fact, emacs's sage-mode...), youtr code works ; it fails in Sagecell.

According to what I understand from the error message insagecell output, sagecell pastes the lines together and adds continuation backslashes "when it feels it".

This behaviour is probably a bug, and a ticket should be filed as such. The "right place" may be sagecell's issues page or Sage's Trac. Yelping on sage-support may get you a better direction.

EDIT : According to a sage-develthread, this problem is inherent to the pexpect Gap interface. The author of this remark says :

I won't want to touch GAP's pexpect interface...

and wraps code in a Gap function that he defines and calls once.

An analogous possible workaround :

foo = """
for u in foo.splitlines() : Res.append(gap.eval(u))

prints :

 '<quiver with 3 vertices and 2 arrows>',
 '<GF(3)[<quiver with 3 vertices and 2 arrows>]>',
 '[ (Z(3)^0)*a*b ]',
 '<GF(3)[<quiver with 3 vertices and 2 arrows>]/\n<two-sided ideal in <GF(3)[<quiver with 3 vertices and 2 arrows>]>, \n  (1 generators)>>']


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Asked: 2022-04-18 21:35:06 +0200

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Last updated: Apr 25