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Latex multicolumn is not recognized

asked 2019-11-05 07:13:25 -0500

ortollj gravatar image


R0 = GF(3)
print R0.addition_table()
print R0.multiplication_table()
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What is your question?

John Palmieri gravatar imageJohn Palmieri ( 2019-11-05 12:07:35 -0500 )edit

Sorry John Palmieri, Yes, I forgot to precise :OS Ubuntu 18.04, notebook with SageMath 8.9

ortollj gravatar imageortollj ( 2019-11-06 00:22:14 -0500 )edit

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answered 2019-11-05 13:15:59 -0500

Emmanuel Charpentier gravatar image


sage: latex(GF(3).multiplication_table())

In a console (or in emacs's sage-shell-view), view(GF(3).addition_table()) gets me this:

image description

Sage's view uses Mathjax by default, but reverts to $\LaTeX$ when the latex string contains some "trigger" commands (this can be customized via latex.add_to_mathjax_avoid_list).

But, indeed, in a Jupyter notebook, this fails (not only on \multicolumn but also on {\setlength{\arraycolsep}{2ex}), probably because the notebook can't use $\LaTeX$\, and mathjax isn't a complete implementation if it).

By the way, the mathjax implementation of the present server has the same problem: A cut'n'paste of the $\LaTeX$ string generating the (correct) representation of the multiplication table gives this:

$${\setlength{\arraycolsep}{2ex} \begin{array}{r|*{3}{r}} \multicolumn{1}{c|}{\ast}&a&b&c\\hline {}a&a&a&a\ {}b&a&b&c\ {}c&a&c&b\ \end{array}}$$

This can probably worked around by saving the latex text, compiling it with an external LaTeX installation, converting the output to, say, .png and displaying it in the notebook. An utility function might be written for that.

One more reason to use $\LaTeX$ an Sagetex (or pythontex (or org-mode))...


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What is the point of \multicolumn{1}{...}, or at least what is its point here? Can we change this to make it compatible with MathJax?

John Palmieri gravatar imageJohn Palmieri ( 2019-11-05 15:34:34 -0500 )edit

It affects alignment for that one cell, but I think we can have slight misalignments (which may only be relevant if the terms in the table have names with more than one character) to gain better functionality in the Jupyter notebook.

John Palmieri gravatar imageJohn Palmieri ( 2019-11-05 15:44:47 -0500 )edit

answered 2019-11-05 13:20:03 -0500

eric_g gravatar image

LaTeX rendering in the Jupyter notebook is performed by MathJax. Unfortunately, MathJax does not support multicolumn, see , in particular the sentence MathJax only implements a limited subset of the array environment’s preamble, i.e., only the l, r, c, and | characters alongside : for dashed lines; everything else is ignored.

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(please ignore or delete this comment)

nbruin gravatar imagenbruin ( 2019-11-05 20:34:37 -0500 )edit

Nils, your answer is perfectly valid and correct. Just less verbose than mine...

Emmanuel Charpentier gravatar imageEmmanuel Charpentier ( 2019-11-06 04:48:27 -0500 )edit

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Asked: 2019-11-05 07:13:25 -0500

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Last updated: Nov 05 '19