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Virasoro Verma module Basis

asked 2019-08-29 12:30:20 +0200

heluani gravatar image

updated 2022-10-15 13:39:52 +0200

FrédéricC gravatar image

Hi I am starting to look at the implementation of the Virasoro algebra and some of its modules in

I have a question regarding the method basis() that returns a basis of the module. As the following example shows this particular linear combination of basis elements is zero so I wander in which sense are we getting a basis or a generating set, or even better how to actually get sage to recognize that the combination is actually zero?

sage: g = lie_algebras.VirasoroAlgebra(QQ)
sage: V = g.verma_module(1/2,0)
sage: d = g.basis()
sage: B = V.basis()
sage: v = V.highest_weight_vector()
sage: B[-2,-1] - B[-1,-2] + B[-3] ==
sage: B[-2,-1] - B[-1,-2] + B[-3]
d[-3]*v + d[-2]*d[-1]*v - d[-1]*d[-2]*v
sage: d[-3]*v + d[-2]*(d[-1]*v) - d[-1]*(d[-2]*v) ==
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answered 2019-08-29 16:07:32 +0200

FrédéricC gravatar image

Answer from T. Scrimshaw :

The answer to that question is garbage in, garbage out. B[-1,-2] is not a basis element, but the basis does not check that the input is bad (which is true of nearly all CombinatorialFreeModule bases):

sage: sB = SymmetricFunctions(QQ).s().basis()
sage: sB[1,2]  # Yes, that is a tuple
s(1, 2)
sage: sB[1,2] * sB[2,1]  # This will crash Sage

This is done for speed reasons I believe, and maybe also for the cases where containment checking is hard to impossible. Anyways, the Virosoro Verma module implementation is not perfect, and there probably should be a better way to construct basis elements to make sure this does not happen. However, that this is not a basis element is spelled out in the documentation (the indices have to be weakly increasing in the basis).

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Asked: 2019-08-29 12:30:20 +0200

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Last updated: Aug 29 '19