# Finite graphs in latex

I want to have a finite graph G on 10 vertices in my latex document. I thought the easiest way to get it is to first draw it sage notebook using the graph_editor(). Then use latex(G) to get the latex code and copy and paste it. But when I do this, I keep getting errors. It says undefined control sequence for \Vertex..

Is there any example which will walk me through these steps? Many thanks for your help,

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After installing dot2tex with

sage -i dot2tex


and with graphviz installed, you may create a tikzpicture from the positions of vertices decided by graphviz:

sage: G = graphs.AztecDiamondGraph(2)
sage: G.latex_options().set_options(format='dot2tex', prog='dot', edge_labels=True, color_by_label=False)


The tikzpicture code is:

sage: latex(G)
\begin{tikzpicture}[>=latex,line join=bevel,]
%%
\node (node_9) at (26.5bp,8.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(2, 3\right)$};
\node (node_8) at (61.5bp,61.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(2, 2\right)$};
\node (node_7) at (90.5bp,114.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(2, 1\right)$};
\node (node_6) at (114.5bp,167.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(2, 0\right)$};
\node (node_5) at (14.5bp,61.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(1, 3\right)$};
\node (node_4) at (32.5bp,114.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(1, 2\right)$};
\node (node_3) at (67.5bp,167.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(1, 1\right)$};
\node (node_2) at (102.5bp,220.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(1, 0\right)$};
\node (node_1) at (20.5bp,167.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(0, 2\right)$};
\node (node_0) at (32.5bp,220.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(0, 1\right)$};
\node (node_11) at (96.5bp,8.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(3, 2\right)$};
\node (node_10) at (108.5bp,61.5bp) [draw,draw=none] {$\left(3, 1\right)$};
\draw [black,] (node_0) ..controls (44.282bp,202.33bp) and (55.687bp,185.71bp)  .. (node_3);
\draw [black,] (node_4) ..controls (42.262bp,96.332bp) and (51.712bp,79.713bp)  .. (node_8);
\draw [black,] (node_4) ..controls (26.441bp,96.332bp) and (20.575bp,79.713bp)  .. (node_5);
\draw [black,] (node_8) ..controls (49.718bp,43.332bp) and (38.313bp,26.713bp)  .. (node_9);
\draw [black,] (node_3) ..controls (55.718bp,149.33bp) and (44.313bp,132.71bp)  .. (node_4);
\draw [black,] (node_6) ..controls (106.42bp,149.33bp) and (98.6bp,132.71bp)  .. (node_7);
\draw [black,] (node_5) ..controls (18.539bp,43.332bp) and (22.45bp,26.713bp)  .. (node_9);
\draw [black,] (node_8) ..controls (73.282bp,43.332bp) and (84.687bp,26.713bp)  .. (node_11);
\draw [black,] (node_1) ..controls (24.539bp,149.33bp) and (28.45bp,132.71bp)  .. (node_4);
\draw [black,] (node_2) ..controls (90.718bp,202.33bp) and (79.313bp,185.71bp)  .. (node_3);
\draw [black,] (node_7) ..controls (80.738bp,96.332bp) and (71.288bp,79.713bp)  .. (node_8);
\draw [black,] (node_2) ..controls (106.54bp,202.33bp) and (110.45bp,185.71bp)  .. (node_6);
\draw [black,] (node_0) ..controls (28.461bp,202.33bp) and (24.55bp,185.71bp)  .. (node_1);
\draw [black,] (node_10) ..controls (104.46bp,43.332bp) and (100.55bp,26.713bp)  .. (node_11);
\draw [black,] (node_7) ..controls (96.559bp,96.332bp) and (102.42bp,79.713bp)  .. (node_10);
\draw [black,] (node_3) ..controls (75.242bp,149.33bp) and (82.737bp,132.71bp)  .. (node_7);
%
\end{tikzpicture}


You may get a preview:

sage: view(G)


more

Note that with this method, graphviz recomputes the positions of the vertices. In the case of the Aztec diamond, the positions are set to fit within the integer lattice ZZ^2.

Compare with:

sage: G.plot()

( 2017-11-11 10:11:45 -0600 )edit

To do it that way, you need to use the package tkz-graph, by adding the following to the header of your LaTeX file:

\usepackage{tkz-graph}


On Debian GNU/Linux (or Ubuntu), you have to install the texlive-pictures package

For more details, see:

sage: sage.graphs.graph_latex?

more