Create a .pyx file containing your code and execute
$sage -cython -a mycythonfile.pyx  This will output a corresponding .c file which can be compiled into a shared object library and imported in Python along with an .html file that neatly shows the C equivalent of each line of code. Using Cython, you could make a copy of $SAGE_ROOT/devel/sage/crypto/lattice.py, called lattice.pyx, and then run the above command on it. However, I doubt that this will work since lattice.py probably depends on other Sage modules and objects. One would need to convert those to C as well and link them together and that sounds like quite a task just to send some matrices to a C program.
Now, if your goal is to just send these matrices generated by sage.crypto.lattice to your C program, I'd recommend using Python's file-handling routines to save the string representations of these matrices (using __repr__()) to a text file (or binary file if you have a lot of them) and then read them in using your C program. You can find out more about writing strings to files in the Python "Input and Output" Documentation.