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 2015-04-20 23:35:16 +0200 answered a question Add generator to a group? Combine generators of two groups? Thank you Vincent, that's what I am looking for. I did the test to compare the speed, I did it first for small groups repeat 5000 times, then for large groups. test on small groups repeat 5000 times. Runing time for ClosureGroup(H,J) is 0:00:25.837925 Runing time for ClosureGroup(H,w) is 0:00:21.571264 Runing time for PermutationGroup(H.gens()+J.gens()) is 0:00:00.943834 Runing time for PermutationGroup(H.gens()+list(w)) is 0:00:00.810795 test on large groups only 1 time. Runing time for ClosureGroup(H,J) is 0:01:09.245275 Runing time for ClosureGroup(H,w) is 0:01:10.550019 Runing time for PermutationGroup(H.gens()+J.gens()) is 0:00:00.001400 Runing time for PermutationGroup(H.gens()+list(w)) is 0:00:00.000649  Notes: 25.837925 means 25 seconds, 0:01:09.245275 means 1 minutes and 9 seconds. H and J are groups, w is a generator of a group, somehow PermutationGroup(H.gens()+J.gens()) is way faster than ClosureGroup, maybe ClosureGroup is doing some extra validation or computation? Here is the python/sage code: from sage.all import * from datetime import datetime case = 'small' #case = 'large' if case == 'small': H = PermutationGroup([(2,3),(4,5)]) J = PermutationGroup([(1,2),(3,4,5)]) W = PermutationGroup([(1,4)]) w = W.gen(0) iteration = 5000 print 'test on small groups repeat {0} times.'.format(iteration) elif case == 'large': H = CyclicPermutationGroup(200) J = AlternatingGroup(200) W = AlternatingGroup(200) #J = DihedralGroup(10000) #W = DihedralGroup(10000) w = W.gen(1) iteration = 1 print 'test on large groups only {0} time.'.format(iteration) start = datetime.now() for i in range(iteration): P1_gap = gap.ClosureGroup(H,J) # close two group P1 = PermutationGroup(gap_group=P1_gap) print 'Runing time for ClosureGroup(H,J) is {0}'.format(str(datetime.now() - start)) start = datetime.now() for i in range(iteration): P2_gap = gap.ClosureGroup(H,w) # close one group with one generator P2 = PermutationGroup(gap_group=P2_gap) print 'Runing time for ClosureGroup(H,w) is {0}'.format(str(datetime.now() - start)) start = datetime.now() for i in range(iteration): P3 = PermutationGroup(H.gens()+J.gens()) print 'Runing time for PermutationGroup(H.gens()+J.gens()) is {0}'.format(str(datetime.now() - start)) start = datetime.now() for i in range(iteration): P4 = PermutationGroup(H.gens()+list(w)) print 'Runing time for PermutationGroup(H.gens()+list(w)) is {0}'.format(str(datetime.now() - start))  2015-04-20 01:28:16 +0200 received badge ● Scholar (source) 2015-04-18 22:50:47 +0200 asked a question Add generator to a group? Combine generators of two groups? Hi guys, I am wondering how to efficiently do the following two things in Sage add a generator h to a existing group G to create a new group, e.g. from sage: h = (3,4) sage: G = PermutationGroup([(1,2),(1,3)])  how to get a new group N with generators [(1,2),(1,3),(3,4)]. I can do this by using G.gens() and adding (3,4) to the list and calling PermutationGroup(), but it looks awkward, is there a more efficient way? create a new group from generators of two existing group, e.g. from sage: G = PermutationGroup([(1,2),(1,3)]) sage: H = PermutationGroup([(3,4)])  how to get a new group N with generators [(1,2),(1,3),(3,4)]? Currently I can do this by : N = PermutationGroup(G.gens()+H.gens()) Thanks, Kevin 2015-03-11 12:05:45 +0200 received badge ● Student (source) 2015-03-10 20:20:58 +0200 answered a question checking isomorphism for weighted bipartite graph Thank you for your help, I wasn't able to find the documentation for is_isomorphic yesterday, now I finally got it. In fact, I don't even need to do the edge labeling, when I do WW = BipartiteGraph(Z,weighted=True), the numbers in the matrix are treated as weights, so I can get the result I want by just doing WW.is_isomorphic(XX,edge_labels=True). In fact, I am interested in a more general isomorphism test. For example, in X = Matrix([(1,1,2,2),(1,1,2,3),(1,2,2,1)]), I not only want to be able to treat swapping rows and columns as equivalent (which equivalent to change the labeling of nodes on the left and right of the biparitite graph separately), I can also do bijections on each rows. So for row one of X, (1,1,2,2) can be replaced with (2,2,1,1), for row two of X, (1,1,2,3) can be replaced with (1,1,3,2) (2,2,3,1) (2,2,1,3) (3,3,1,2) (3,3,2,1). I am wondering if there exist algorithms to do that directly? Right now the only way I can think of is to first list all combinations of bijections, in this example. there are 2 * 6 * 2 = 24 equivalent cases, then for each of them, I do a isomorphism test with the original matrix, if at least one graph out of 24 is isomorphism with the original graph, I consider them equivalent. However, this approach will become intractable even the size of the matrix is not that big. 2015-03-10 07:14:29 +0200 received badge ● Editor (source) 2015-03-10 07:13:07 +0200 asked a question checking isomorphism for weighted bipartite graph Hi, guys, I am working on a problem involving checking if two weighted bipartite graphs are isomorphic. I saw I can define a weighted graph in sage like this: sage: X = Matrix([(0,0,1,1),(0,0,1,2),(0,1,1,0)]) sage: XX = BipartiteGraph(X,weighted=True) sage: Y = Matrix([(1,0,2,0),(1,0,0,1),(1,0,1,0)]) sage: YY = BipartiteGraph(Y,weighted=True) sage: W = Matrix([(1,0,2,0),(1,0,0,1),(1,0,2,0)]) sage: WW = BipartiteGraph(Z,weighted=True)  I swapped rows and columns of matrix defining X to get Y, so Y is isomorphic to X, But since my graphs are weighted, I changed one element in Y from 1 to 2 to get W, yet it still tell me XX and WW are isomorphic sage: YY.is_isomorphic(XX) True sage: ZZ.is_isomorphic(XX) True  Are there other functions I can use to check isomorphism for weighted bipartite graph?