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Circle through three points (in 2D)

asked 2012-03-04 13:43:16 -0500

GrimRippah gravatar image

Given the coordinates of three points (in 2D), how can I plot the circle through them?

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answered 2012-03-04 14:19:08 -0500

Shashank gravatar image

updated 2012-03-04 14:19:42 -0500

This may not be the most efficient solution but works.

pta=[1,2]
ptb=[2,3]
ptc=[-1,3]
a=var('a')
b=var('b')
r=var('r')
func_cir=(x-a)**2+(y-b)**2==r**2
eq1 = func_cir.subs(x==pta[0]).subs(y==pta[1])
eq2 = func_cir.subs(x==ptb[0]).subs(y==ptb[1])
eq3 = func_cir.subs(x==ptc[0]).subs(y==ptc[1])
sol = solve([eq1,eq2,eq3],a,b,r)
p1=list_plot([pta,ptb,ptc])
p2=circle((sol[1][0].rhs(),sol[1][1].rhs()),sol[1][2].rhs())
(p1+p2).show()
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Asked: 2012-03-04 13:43:16 -0500

Seen: 148 times

Last updated: Mar 04 '12