# Creating a vector of indexed variables

How can I create a vector like the following one

X=matrix(1, 8,(x,x,x,x,x,x,x,x))

with a loop like

X = list(var('x_%i' % i) for i in (0..7))
show(X)


but with an output $X = [x, ...x]$ not $X = [x_1, \ldots, x_8]$. And is it possible to create such a list (vector) without loop ?

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Hello, @Cyrille! I don't know if this is what you want, but you can create variables with the var command. These variable will be symbolic variables, so they cannot carry any value. Let me explain:

Suppose you want to create 8 of these variables. You have to do

x = var('x', n=8, latex_name='x')


Then you can write show(x), which will produce

$(x_0,x_1,x_2,x_3,x_4,x_5,x_6,x_7)$

Note that the latex_name argument doesn't make any difference in this particular case. However, you can use it at your own discretion to create more complicated LaTeX representations. For example,

x = var("x", n=8, latex_name='\overline{x}')
show(x)


will produce

$(\overline{x}_0,\overline{x}_1,\overline{x}_2,\overline{x}_3,\overline{x}_4,\overline{x}_5,\overline{x}_6,\overline{x}_7)$

The disadvantage of this method is that you cannot assign values to the variables x, x, etc. In case you want to do that, you have to first convert x to a list:

x = list(var("x", n=8, latex_name='\overline{x}'))
x=123
show(x)


This code has changed the value of $x_0$ into $1$, but you have missed the LaTeX representation. The output here is:

$(123,\overline{x}_1,\overline{x}_2,\overline{x}_3,\overline{x}_4,\overline{x}_5,\overline{x}_6,\overline{x}_7)$

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Once more thanks djesas. I wonder if internaly $x_2$ is known as $x$ ?

Happy to help!

Yes, internally, you have to work x instead of $x_2$. For example, if you want to write a smalllinear combination, you should do something like

x = var("x", n=8, latex_name='x')
lin_comb = 3*x - 5*x + 7*x
show(lin_comb)


Notice how I used x[i] to work with $x_i$, for $i\in{0,\ldots,7}$. (The show command just displays the LaTeX output $10x_2−5x_4$.)

The Python identifier can't have brackets so this fails:

sage: var('x')
Traceback (most recent call last)
...
ValueError: The name "x" is not a valid Python identifier.


but the LaTeX name can, so you can do:

sage: X = [SR.var('x_{}'.format(i), latex_name='x[{}]'.format(i)) for i in (0 .. 7)]


and then you would have in the Sage REPL:

sage: X
[x_0, x_1, x_2, x_3, x_4, x_5, x_6, x_7]
sage: show(X)
\newcommand{\Bold}{\mathbf{#1}}\left[{x}, {x}, {x}, {x}, {x}, {x}, {x}, {x}\right]


but in a Jupyter notebook, show(X) would give a LaTeX-rendered $$[x,x,x,x,x,x,x,x]$$

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Another solution:

sage: X=matrix(1,8,[var("X_{}".format(u)) for u in (1..8)])
sage: X
[X_1 X_2 X_3 X_4 X_5 X_6 X_7 X_8]
sage: latex(X)
\left(\begin{array}{rrrrrrrr}
X_{1} & X_{2} & X_{3} & X_{4} & X_{5} & X_{6} & X_{7} & X_{8}
\end{array}\right)


i. e.

$$\left(\begin{array}{rrrrrrrr} X_{1} & X_{2} & X_{3} & X_{4} & X_{5} & X_{6} & X_{7} & X_{8} \end{array}\right)$$

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