Question (and answer) about deepcopy in Sage

asked 2018-11-20 01:55:41 +0200

al gravatar image

updated 2018-11-20 01:56:30 +0200

This was driving me crazy but I just found the answer, slightly different from what I found in a link below. I will explain. I hope it may be useful to other beginners!

If you have a list of numbers and want to change one, but save the old list, no problem; you can use = as follows:




now you find that S= [5,2,3] while T= [1,2,3]

If you do this with a list of lists, changing T changes S also, as they are identified. The way to solve this is with the copy command, either




However, if T is a list of lists of lists, which is very easy to come across, you are in trouble. There is a Python command called "deepcopy" which deals with this.


The point I just discovered is that to use this instead of e.g. S=copy.deepcopy(T) as suggested in the link -- this gave me an error message!!! --maybe it's ok in Pythin?? what works in SAGEMATH is simply S=deepcopy(T).


T=[] S=[]



(or equivalently S=copy(T) )

then if you do


now both S and T are [[5],[2],[3]].

if instead you do

S= deepcopy(T)

as suggested by the links (slight modification) then this works!!! The explanation for why is in the links.

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To display blocks of code or error messages, skip a line above and below, and do one of the following (all give the same result):

  • indent all code lines with 4 spaces
  • select all code lines and click the "code" button (the icon with '101 010')
  • select all code lines and hit ctrl-K

For instance, typing

If we define `f` by

    def f(x, y, z):
        return x * y * z

then `f(2, 3, 5)` returns `30` but `f(2*3*5)` gives:

    TypeError: f() takes exactly 3 arguments (1 given)


If we define f by

def f(x, y, z):
    return x * y * z

then f(2, 3, 5) returns 30 but f(2*3*5) gives:

TypeError: f() takes exactly 3 arguments (1 given)

Please edit your question to do that.

slelievre gravatar imageslelievre ( 2018-11-21 08:20:30 +0200 )edit

Also, please separate the answer from the question. The question should be a question, and the answer should be posted as an answer, for clarity.

slelievre gravatar imageslelievre ( 2018-11-21 08:21:05 +0200 )edit