# Define map with vector argument(s) (Is it possible to use LaTeX code here in order to get a nice output?)

Let's say I want to put the map phi: Q^3 x Q^3 -> Q defined by (x,y) -> x1y1 - x2y2 + x3*y3 into Sage. How do I do this? I want to have later for example:

sage: x=vector((1,2,3)); y=vector((2,3,1))
sage: phi(x,y)


Then the output should be the value phi(x,y).

Is it only possible via the def command (withx etc.)? Or how can you specify the domain of a map? How would you do this?

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Assuming phi is bilinear, one possibility is

sage: Q3 = FiniteRankFreeModule(QQ, 3, 'Q^3', start_index=1)
sage: e = Q3.basis('e') # Q^3 canonical basis
sage: phi = Q3.tensor((0,2))
sage: phi[1,1], phi[2,2], phi[3,3] = 1, -1, 1
sage: phi
Type-(0,2) tensor on the 3-dimensional vector space Q^3 over the Rational Field
sage: phi.display()
e^1*e^1 - e^2*e^2 + e^3*e^3
sage: x = Q3((1,2,3)); x
Element of the 3-dimensional vector space Q^3 over the Rational Field
sage: y = Q3((2,3,1))
sage: phi(x,y)
-1
sage: phi(x,y) == x*y - x*y + x*y
True

more

The inner_product is the implemented method in the case of the phi associated to the $(1,1,1)$ diagonal matrix, for instance:

sage: x=vector((1,2,3)); y=vector((2,3,11))
sage: x.inner_product(y)
41


(That 11 instead of the one in the postshould make the result bigger and avoid "coincidences".)

An explicit check:

sage: sum( [x[k]*y[k] for k in range(len(x)) ] )
41


(The range(len(x)) could have been simply (0,1,2) in this simple case.)

In the more general case the matrix giving the bilinear form can be inserted, we have in the same spirit:

sage: PHI = diagonal_matrix( 3, [1,-1,1] )
sage: x * PHI * y.column()
(29)
sage: sum( [ (-1)^k*x[k]*y[k] for k in range(len(x)) ] )
29
sage: ( x*PHI ).inner_product(y)
29


Above, y.column() is the column vector related to y.

sage: y.column()
[ 2]
[ 3]


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