# Label sides of polygon Is it possible to label the sides of a polygon like in the following picture by one polygon command? Or do I need the text command as well? Or do you have any other ideas?

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Right_triangle#/media/File:Rtriangle.svg

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It seems that there is no implemented solution to the issue. No problem, there is a quick solution using bare hands. (Although we can plot the polygon by the polygon command, there will be in the following a parallel plot of the edges...)

def plotLabelledPolygon( vertices, labels, space=0.1 ):
"""for two lists of same length,
of vertices in the real plane, A, B, C, ...
and of labels a, b, ... for AB, BC, ...
we associate a plot object consisting of the segments and the labels.
The labels are positioned corresponding to the middle of the segments,
there is some space left in between.
"""

p = plot( [] )
n = len( vertices )
if n < 3 or n != len( labels ):
return p

zVertices = []
for A in vertices:
if   type(A) in ( tuple, list ):    zA = A + i*A
elif      A  in CC             :    zA = A
else                           :    zA = None    # feel free to extend for vectors & Co...
zVertices.append( zA )

for ind in range(n):
j = ind+1 if ind+1 < n else 0
A, zA = vertices[ ind ], zVertices[ ind ]
B, zB = vertices[ j   ], zVertices[ j   ]

p += line( [ A, B ] )
zBA = zB - zA

if zBA == 0:
print "zA = %s and zB = %s coincide :: IGNORED" % ( zA, zB )
continue

zT = CC( zA + zBA / 2 - space * I * zBA / abs( zBA ) )
label = labels[ ind ]
p += text( '$%s$' % label, ( zT.real(), zT.imag() ) )

return p


Examples of usage:

vertices = [ (-1,0), (1,0), (0,1) ]
labels   = [ 'a', 'b', 'c' ]    # or simply abc
p = plotLabelledPolygon( vertices, labels )
p.axes_color( 'gray' )
p.show()

vertices = [ (0,0), (3,-3), (1,0), (3,3) ]
labels   = 'abcd'
q = plotLabelledPolygon( vertices, labels, space=0.1 )
q.axes_color( 'gray' )
q.show()


(The font, the aspect, the axes, ... can be controlled in the plot object.)

more

What if I want to label the sides by their lengths, especially if they are fractions? How can I output pretty fractions instead of the slash?

[See at the very end

Replacing 'a' by '\\frac{1}{2}' (two backslashes) or by r'\frac{1}{2}' somehow works although it doesn't look very pretty, but it can be improved by adjusting the fontsize (within the text command). Is this the right way? Alternatively, you can replace '$%s$' % label by '$%s$' % latex(label). Then you can write fractions like 1/2 directly into the labels variable.]

The easiest way for that special purpose: Replace '$%s$' % label by '$%s$' % latex(abs( zBA )).