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Define function over symbolic ring

asked 2017-05-06 01:56:28 +0200

Richard_L gravatar image

updated 2017-05-06 02:01:03 +0200

I want to define a function over a dynamic number of variables, but find no way to coerce list, tuple or string to symbolic ring. Is there some Python / pre-parse / magic which can make this work? A failed example follows

sage: var( 'x1 x2 x3' )  
sage: function('xxx')(x1,x2)    # A function of a fixed, pre-programmed number of variables  
  xxx(x1, x2)  
sage: n = 3  
sage: ' '.join('x'+str(i+1) for i in range(n))    # A string  
  'x1 x2 x3'  
sage: eval( ' '.join('x'+str(i+1)+',' for i in range(n)) )    # A tuple  
  (x1, x2, x3)  
sage: function('yyy')( eval( ' '.join('x'+str(i+1)+',' for i in range(n)) ) )  
  Traceback (most recent call last):  
  TypeError: cannot coerce arguments: no canonical coercion from <type 'tuple'> to Symbolic Ring
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answered 2017-05-06 04:20:52 +0200

nbruin gravatar image

updated 2017-05-06 04:22:09 +0200

There's a python trick to unpack an iterable into an argument list in a function call:

sage: function('f')(*(SR.symbol("x%s"%i) for i in range(n)))
f(x0, x1, x2)
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Thanks. This solves the immediate problem.

Richard_L gravatar imageRichard_L ( 2017-05-06 20:36:57 +0200 )edit

answered 2017-05-06 04:24:37 +0200

dan_fulea gravatar image

I cannot imagine the reason for doing this, but if the dynamic number of variables is somehow bounded in the application, then an adaptation of the following may work (in a way that i do not really like, since generally explicit is better than implicit...)

sage: def vars(n):    return eval( "','.join( 'x%%s'%%j for j in range(1,%s) )" % (n+1) )
sage: var( vars(9) )
(x1, x2, x3, x4, x5, x6, x7, x8, x9)
sage: eval( "function('yyy')( %s )" % vars(9) )
yyy(x1, x2, x3, x4, x5, x6, x7, x8, x9)
sage: eval( "function('yyy')( %s )" % vars(4) )
yyy(x1, x2, x3, x4)

(For an explicit special meaningful situation, i would rethink, and very probably go on a different path...)

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Asked: 2017-05-06 01:56:28 +0200

Seen: 1,486 times

Last updated: May 06 '17