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Sage vs. Mathematica. Which on believe?

asked 2016-04-21 06:20:41 -0500

RRP gravatar image

updated 2016-04-21 09:10:33 -0500

calc314 gravatar image

In Phd thesis, I'm having some trouble to calculating some tricky integrals, Sage and Mathematica show different results. To understand what goes I have calculated a simple integral.

At Sage:

var('y')
assume(y>0)
integral(log(sqrt(x^2+y^2),10),x,-10,-1)

Result: -1/2(2yarctan(10/y) - 2yarctan(1/y) + 10log(y^2 + 100) - log(y^2 +1) - 18)/log(10)

At Mathematica:

Assuming[y > 0, Integrate[log10 (Sqrt[x ^2 + y^2]), {x, -10, -1}]]

Result: 1/2 log10 (-Sqrt[1 + y^2] + 10 Sqrt[100 + y^2] + y^2 Log[(10 + Sqrt[100 + y^2])/(1 + Sqrt[1 + y^2])])

If we plot the results the output in the interval (y,-8,8), the plots will be very different. I'm making any mistake? Why this happens? Which one should I believe?

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answered 2016-04-21 15:53:04 -0500

Your Mathematica input is slightly off. Here's what you want:

Assuming[y > 0, Integrate[Log[10, Sqrt[x^2 + y^2]], {x, -10, -1}]]

This gives an answer with the same absolute value as Sage, but the latter returns an odd extra minus sign. You'll get the same answer for both if you change the variable of integration:

integral(log(sqrt(x^2+y^2),10),x,1,10)

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answered 2016-04-22 10:21:43 -0500

RRP gravatar image

Thanks, I really didn't realize about that difference between "log" and "Log" since mathematica keep producing results.

The minus sign in Sage is really very weird.

Thanks.

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Asked: 2016-04-21 06:20:41 -0500

Seen: 153 times

Last updated: Apr 22 '16