# Solving numerically a multiple integral

var("r1, r2, v1, v2")
tau(r1,r2,v1,v2)=((r1-r2)-0.8)/(v1-v2)
E(r1,r2,v1,v2)= exp(-tau(r1,r2,v1,v2)/3)*1.5/tau(r1,r2,v1,v2)^2
f(r1,r2,v1,v2)=exp(-(v1^2+v2^2)/2)*exp(-E(r1,r2,v1,v2)/2)

integral(integral(integral(integral(f(r1,r2,v1,v2),r1,0,10),r2,0,10),v1,-inf,inf),v2,-inf,inf)


RuntimeError: ECL says: In function GCD, the value of the second argument is 1.0 which is not of the expected type INTEGER

Could anyone help me please?

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Most likely related to http://trac.sagemath.org/ticket/14821 and keepfloat:true in Maxima

( 2016-04-05 03:06:22 +0200 )edit

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Have you tried scipy's nquad function? I think that in your problem special care has to be taken in the line $v_1=v_2$, but it can be handled with the opts parameter.

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Can you give specific syntax? (Maxima and GSL both have numerical integration that Sage syntax automatically supports, you could give all three!) Not sure how these support infinite bounds though.

( 2016-07-28 14:40:22 +0200 )edit

The infinite bounds can be passed as [-np.inf, np.inf]. However I didn't manage to obtain an answer for OP's integral -- it takes ages to converge. Perhaps a Monte Carlo integration is more reliable in this case (see mcint).

( 2016-07-29 14:26:15 +0200 )edit