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Executing python modules from package

asked 2014-11-28 20:24:51 +0100

kekx gravatar image

I have a project that is primarily written in python but uses sage for some specific operations. In order to facilitate this I have only .py files and use from sage.all import * at the top of all modules that make use of sage functionalities. To execute I always used sage -python path/to/

This approach worked fine until it became necessary to split my project into multiple sub-packages. I now want to execute my modules with python -m package.subpackage.module for modules that do not use sage (which works) and correspondingly sage -python -m package.subpackage.module for modules that do. Unfortunately the latter only returns an error message of the form ~/sage/local/bin/python: No module named package.subpackage

In order to be able to use package relative imports I am kind of dependent on the -m syntax, so I would like to get it to work. Any ideas what I am doing wrong? Or is this simply not possible with the python that is bundled with sage for internal reasons? Any help is apreciated!

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answered 2014-12-01 17:36:17 +0100

kekx gravatar image

Alright, it turned out that the problem was/is actually related to this other problem that I am also having. In short, for security reasons sage is stripping os.sys.path of the first entry which is usually the empty string and tells python to look in the current directory.

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answered 2014-11-29 03:47:34 +0100

tmonteil gravatar image

updated 2014-11-29 03:50:10 +0100

To what i understand, your package should be located within the Python path of Sage. Note that the command python launches the python interpreter from your distribution while the command sage -python launches the python that is shipped with Sage. In order not to interfere with your distribution, the python packages that are shipped with Sage are stored in a separate directory, that is disjoint to the ones where your distribution stores its own python packages. Both pythons use a different path, that is a different set of directories where they have to look in order to find their packages. To see this, you can open a session and type:

>>> import os
>>> os.sys.path

And see the difference in both cases.

So what you need is to add the path of your module in Sage's python path. It is explained on that question.

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Thanks! This was very helpful for figuring out the problem.

kekx gravatar imagekekx ( 2014-12-01 17:34:13 +0100 )edit

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Asked: 2014-11-28 20:24:51 +0100

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Last updated: Dec 01 '14