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TypeError using plot3d

asked 2013-12-18 06:32:29 +0200

anonymous user


updated 2013-12-18 08:40:02 +0200

calc314 gravatar image


this is my first time using Sage, so this might be a very trivial question for which, however, I could not find an answer:

I would like to produce a 3d plot of a complicated function, the part where it fails seems to be:

T = RealDistribution('gaussian',1)
plot3d(T.cum_distribution_function((1-y)/x), (x,-2,2), (y,-2,2))

where I get the following error message:

   sage: plot3d(T.cum_distribution_function((1-y)/x), (x,-2,2), (y,-2,2))
TypeError                                 Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-37-db1aa10c790f> in <module>()
----> 1 plot3d(T.cum_distribution_function((Integer(1)-y)/x), (x,-Integer(2),Integer(2)), (y,-Integer(2),Integer(2)))

/usr/lib/sagemath/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/gsl/ in sage.gsl.probability_distribution.RealDistribution.cum_distribution_function (sage/gsl/probability_distribution.c:6127)()

/usr/lib/sagemath/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/symbolic/ in sage.symbolic.expression.Expression.__float__ (sage/symbolic/expression.cpp:7716)()

TypeError: unable to simplify to float approximation

Where does this error come from and how can I plot the function?

Thanks in advance

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2 Answers

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answered 2013-12-18 08:43:48 +0200

calc314 gravatar image

updated 2013-12-18 12:20:39 +0200

kcrisman gravatar image

You need to define the function in the plot using a python lambda function. This has to do with how the distribution function is being evaluated. It is not a symbolic function in this case but is a numeric function from python. The following produces a plot for me.

T = RealDistribution('gaussian',1)
plot3d(lambda x,y: T.cum_distribution_function((1-y)/x), (x,-2,2), (y,-2,2))

See the link here to execute the code in the single cell server.

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answered 2013-12-18 09:47:33 +0200

Gumbel gravatar image

updated 2013-12-18 12:21:08 +0200

kcrisman gravatar image

Thank you for the rapid answer, this way it worked for me. However, I have another question as my function involes more terms. The problem occurs also when I do the following:

T = RealDistribution('gaussian',1)
plot3d(lambda x,y:  log(1/(2*pi*x)) + log(T.cum_distribution_function((1-y)/x)), (x,-2,2), (y,-2,2))

While the log() in the second term seems to be no problem, the log() in the first term somehow breaks something, and I get the following long error message:

    TypeError                                 Traceback (most recent call last)
<ipython-input-1-6c109b6281a7> in <module>()
      1 var('y')
      2 T = RealDistribution('gaussian',Integer(1))
----> 3 plot3d(lambda x,y:  log(Integer(1)/(Integer(2)*pi*x)) + log(T.cum_distribution_function((Integer(1)-y)/x)), (x,-Integer(2),Integer(2)), (y,-Integer(2),Integer(2)))

/home/sageserver/sage/ipython/IPython/core/displayhook.pyc in __call__(self, result)
    245             self.start_displayhook()
    246             self.write_output_prompt()
--> 247             format_dict, md_dict = self.compute_format_data(result)
    248             self.write_format_data(format_dict, md_dict)
    249             self.update_user_ns(result)

/home/sageserver/sage/ipython/IPython/core/displayhook.pyc in compute_format_data(self, result)
    156         """
--> 157         return
    159     def write_format_data(self, format_dict, md_dict=None):

/home/sageserver/sage/ipython/IPython/core/formatters.pyc in format(self, obj, include, exclude)
    150             md = None
    151             try:
--> 152                 data = formatter(obj)
    153             except:
    154                 # FIXME: log the exception

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/misc/displayhook.pyc in __call__(self, obj)
    503             sage: fmt.set_display('simple')
    504         """
--> 505         if self.try_format_graphics(obj):
    506             return ''
    507         s = self.try_format_obj(obj)

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/misc/displayhook.pyc in try_format_graphics(self, obj)
    400         from sage.structure.sage_object import SageObject
    401         if isinstance(obj, SageObject) and hasattr(obj, '_graphics_'):
--> 402             return obj._graphics_()
    403         return False

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/plot/plot3d/ in sage.plot.plot3d.base.Graphics3d._graphics_ (sage/plot/plot3d/base.c:3233)()

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/plot/plot3d/ in (sage/plot/plot3d/base.c:12029)()

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/plot/plot3d/ in sage.plot.plot3d.base.Graphics3d._prepare_for_jmol (sage/plot/plot3d/base.c:8064)()

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/plot/plot3d/ in sage.plot.plot3d.base.Graphics3d._box_for_aspect_ratio (sage/plot/plot3d/base.c:8679)()

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/plot/plot3d/ in sage.plot.plot3d.base.Graphics3d._safe_bounding_box (sage/plot/plot3d/base.c:4275)()

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/plot/plot3d/ in sage.plot.plot3d.parametric_surface.ParametricSurface.bounding_box (sage/plot/plot3d/parametric_surface.c:3625)()

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/plot/plot3d/ in sage.plot.plot3d.parametric_surface.ParametricSurface.triangulate (sage/plot/plot3d/parametric_surface.c:4228)()

/home/sageserver/sage/local/lib/python2.7/site-packages/sage/plot/plot3d/ in sage.plot.plot3d.parametric_surface ...
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That's because you are running `x` from -2 to 2. And the `log(..)` term returns a complex number. You have to fix your range first so that you get real numbers out of your expression.

ppurka gravatar imageppurka ( 2013-12-23 04:06:16 +0200 )edit

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Asked: 2013-12-18 06:32:29 +0200

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Last updated: Dec 18 '13