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How to compute the convex hull of a set of points in the plane?

asked 2013-12-04 21:25:47 -0500

slabbe gravatar image

updated 2015-01-13 15:29:33 -0500

FrédéricC gravatar image

How to compute the convex hull of a set of points in the plane and obtain the resulting vertices as a list in the good order?

The following does not work because the vertices are returned in any order. You can confirm this by drawing the polygon of them.

sage: p = Polyhedron(vertices = [(random(),random()) for _ in range(10)])
sage: p.vertices()
(A vertex at (0.02426982921, 0.8569166506),
 A vertex at (0.9906153404, 0.5055452233),
 A vertex at (0.8056807969, 0.9885901971),
 A vertex at (0.02148155632, 0.6201313201),
 A vertex at (0.8789116179, 0.4107095649),
 A vertex at (0.1045180727, 0.2367290111))
sage: polygon(p.vertices())

The function p.plot() does show the polyhedra correctly, so I found the following method to get the list I want :

sage: good = p.plot()._objects[-1]
sage: good
Polygon defined by 6 points
sage: I_want_this_list = zip(good.xdata, good.ydata)
sage: polygon(I_want_this_list)

There should be a cleaner way to get my list no? In general, the polygon might not be stored in the last item of the list p.plot()._objects...

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This doesn't look good. I wonder why the vertices are not stored in sequence in the 2D case.

ppurka gravatar imageppurka ( 2013-12-06 20:05:52 -0500 )edit

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answered 2013-12-19 03:06:50 -0500

slabbe gravatar image

Somebody just gave me the following link: sage.geometry.polyhedron.plot.cyclic_sort_vertices_2d

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Asked: 2013-12-04 21:25:47 -0500

Seen: 402 times

Last updated: Dec 19 '13