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Print value of vertical & horizontal asymptote?

asked 2013-06-30 04:58:14 -0500

bxdin gravatar image

By default the program draws a blue line displaying the vertical asymptote of a function, which is very helpful. If I could get it to display a line through the horizontal asymptote, & print their value, if would be very helpful.

I attempted the following to get the vertical asymptote & had no luck at all:

ans = solve( 7/(x-3) == 0, x)
v0 = ans[0].rhs()
print(v0)

Error message:

Traceback (click to the left of this block for traceback)
...
IndexError: list index out of range
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answered 2013-06-30 08:39:48 -0500

tmonteil gravatar image

updated 2013-06-30 08:46:52 -0500

When you write:

solve( 7/(x-3) == 0, x)

you look for solutions of the equation $7/(x-3) = 0$, which has no solution. If you want to discover the poles of your function (not the zeroes) to locate where your function has vertical asymptotes, you should look for the zeroes of the inverse of your function:

sage: f(x) = 7/(x-3)
sage: ans = solve(1/f == 0, x)
sage: ans[0].rhs()
3

If you want to locate the horizontal asymptotes, you shoult look at the limit of your function in $+\infty$ and $-\infty$:

sage: limit(f,x=+infinity)
x |--> 0
sage: limit(f,x=-infinity)
x |--> 0

Here, the vertical asymptote has equation $x=3$, and the horizontal asymptote has equation $y=0$.

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Asked: 2013-06-30 04:58:14 -0500

Seen: 341 times

Last updated: Jun 30 '13