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SEND+MORE=MONEY (Milp programming)

asked 2019-11-18 15:08:50 +0200

Cyrille gravatar image

Her is the code (unhappily wrong) for the famous verbal arithmetic : SEND+MORE=MONEY coded by Simon (Puzzle—Verbal Arithmetic and Mastermind --- accessible in line)

p = MixedIntegerLinearProgram(maximization=True,solver='GLPK')
v = p.new_variable(nonnegative=True)
for i in range(9) :
        for j in range(8) :
#S=sum(j*v[0,j] for i in range(0,7))
#E=sum(j*v[1,j] for i in range(0,7))
#N=sum(j*v[2,j] for i in range(0,7))
#D=sum(j*v[3,j] for i in range(0,7))
#M=sum(j*v[4,j] for i in range(0,7))
#O=sum(j*v[5,j] for i in range(0,7))
#R=sum(j*v[6,j] for i in range(0,7))
#Y=sum(j*v[7,j] for i in range(0,7))
# Une lettre n'est représentée que par un chiffre
for j in range(8) :
    p.add_constraint(sum(v[i,j] for i in range(0,7)) <= 1)
# Un chiffre n'est associé qu'à une seule lettre
for i in range(7) :
    p.add_constraint(sum(v[i,j] for j in range(0,8)) == 1)
# le modèle génère 80 variables, les retenues seront notées au delà
# D + E = Y + 10 C_1
p.add_constraint(sum(j*v[3,j] for i in range(0,7))+sum(j*v[1,j] for i in range(0,7))==sum(j*v[7,j] for i in range(0,7))+10*v[8,8])
# C_1 + R + N = E + 10 C_2
p.add_constraint(v[8,8]+sum(j*v[6,j] for i in range(0,7))+sum(j*v[2,j] for i in range(0,7))==sum(j*v[1,j] for i in range(0,7))+10*v[9,8])
# C_2 + E + O = N + 10 C_3
p.add_constraint(v[9,8]+sum(j*v[5,j] for i in range(0,7))+sum(j*v[1,j] for i in range(0,7))==sum(j*v[2,j] for i in range(0,7))+10*v[10,8])
# C_3 + S + M = O + 10 C_4
p.add_constraint(v[10,8]+sum(j*v[0,j] for i in range(0,7)) + sum(j*v[2,j] for i in range(0,7))==sum(j*v[7,j] for i in range(0,7))+10*v[11,8])
# C_4 = M
p.add_constraint(v[11,8]==sum(j*v[4,j] for i in range(0,7)))

Obviously there is a mistake in my code that appears clearly with The $j*V_{i,j}$ are evaluated outside of the context. Secondly, the code would be more readable if I could replace the sums by the letters. I think the evaluation must be postponed but I dont know how.

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BTW when using range() you can just write range(7) with one argument--in this case the 0, is implied.

Iguananaut gravatar imageIguananaut ( 2019-11-18 17:21:15 +0200 )edit

Yes I know but in all cases thanks to make the remarks. Initialy , I was beginning at 1.

Cyrille gravatar imageCyrille ( 2019-11-18 22:02:02 +0200 )edit

1 Answer

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answered 2019-11-18 18:07:09 +0200

tmonteil gravatar image

updated 2019-11-18 18:07:47 +0200

I don't know the problem, but when you write things like sum(j*v[3,j] for i in range(0,7)) are you sure that you do not confuse i and j ?

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tmonteil I have corrected the code and it seems to work. I wonder if there is a way to get only the v values equal to 1.

Cyrille gravatar imageCyrille ( 2019-11-18 23:22:40 +0200 )edit

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Asked: 2019-11-18 15:08:50 +0200

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Last updated: Nov 18 '19