Ask Your Question

TypeError 'unable to simplify to float approximation' while trying to define an integral operator

asked 2018-12-29 22:37:22 +0200

Hello, I am trying to define an integral operator acting on a subspace of $L^2(\mathbb{R})$ that depends of time using sage. Being more explicit $W(t)$ takes a real function $f$ and returns another function $g$ defined by \begin{equation} W(t)f(x)=g(x)=\int_{-\infty}^{+\infty}K(x,y,z)f(y)\text{d}y \end{equation} This is the code I came up with

def W(t):
def dummy2(f):
    def dummy3(x):
        return numerical_integral(integrand,-Infinity,+Infinity,algorithm='qag')[0]
    return dummy3 
return dummy2

With $K$ a reasonable function of $x,y,t$ However I am getting the following error

TypeError: unable to simplify to float approximation

I am pretty sure it's related to the types passed to numerical_integrand What could be a solution? Or a better way to implement it? Thank you all

edit retag flag offensive close merge delete


The code looks fine. (Maybe change to integrand = lambda y: f(y)*K(x,y,t)). What is the function $K$ and the call that yields the error? Note $K$ must return a constant which has a floating point approximation, and hence cannot contain symbolic variables (though you could work around this by considering them as formal variables).

rburing gravatar imagerburing ( 2018-12-30 13:55:28 +0200 )edit

I still get an error, I defined K as


How can I define them as formal variables?

guesswhowhere gravatar imageguesswhowhere ( 2019-01-03 21:04:34 +0200 )edit

1 Answer

Sort by ยป oldest newest most voted

answered 2019-01-03 21:49:02 +0200

rburing gravatar image

You don't have to define any formal variables in that case. You still haven't specified what call is giving you an error. An example of a correct call is W(0)(lambda x: 1)(1) (here $t=0, f(x) = 1, x = 1$) which gives the result without error.

edit flag offensive delete link more

Your Answer

Please start posting anonymously - your entry will be published after you log in or create a new account.

Add Answer

Question Tools


Asked: 2018-12-29 22:37:22 +0200

Seen: 142 times

Last updated: Dec 29 '18